Slovenian Wine – The wine growing region Primorska
Primorska is one of the three wine producing regions in Slovenia, along with Podravje and Posavje. Each of the regions is further sub-divided in wine districts – it stretches from Slovenian Istra, Vipava Valley and Karst on south all the way to Goriška Brda to the west. Almost half of all wine that is produced in Slovenia comes from the Primorska region, which makes Primorska the leader in producing Slovenian wines. Districts of Vipava Valley and Goriška Brda mainly produce white wines, while most of the red wines come from the districts of Karst and Slovenian Istra.
The area is planted with international varieties of Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Pinot gris (Sivi Pinot), and Pinot noir (Modri Pinot) as well as Rebula, Refosco (Refošk) and Friulano. Brda is best known for its Rebula white wine and Merlot-Cabernet blends. Image by Wikimedia
Slovenian wine in Slovenian California
What makes Primorska region of Slovenia such a great place for growing different types of wine grape varieties is its great climate, combining Mediterranean and Alpine influences. From all wine producing regions, Primorska has most autochthonous grape varieties. Also, summers in Primorska region are very hot and usually very dry. Winters are also mild, so Primorska has everything necessary for growing premium wine grapes.
Refosco is a very old family of dark-skinned grape varieties native to the Venetian zone and neighbouring areas of Friuli, Gavi, Trentino, Istria, and Karst Plateau. It is considered autochthonous in these regions. The name comes from the combination of the words rasp and fosco that in the venetian or Friuli languages mean respectively grape and dark.
Wines of Primorska region are strong, full-bodied and dry.
Because of the great weather conditions Vipava Valley got its nickname – Slovenian California. Wines that come from there are known for their premium quality. Lots of wine producers from Primorska region are recognized internationally, and their wines can be found in many great restaurants around the world.
Wines of Karst
In the district of Karst you will find the Refošk variety called Peduncolo rosso, which serves for producing the Karst Teran wine. This wine is very popular and tasty. It is a strong, full flavored and tasty wine characterized by its dark red, almost purple color. Karst Teran has often been promoted as a wine that is very good for the health, and in the past medical practitioners have recommended it due to its great characteristics.
Teran, the fiery red thick wine, is one of the most important products of the Karst soil, also known as “terra rossa” or “jerina”. Teran, a genuine Slovenian wine with desig- nated origin, is produced from Refosco vine grapes.
Wines of Slovenian Istria
District of Slovenian Istria also produces wine that is made from Refošk wine grape variety. Although the variety is the same, wines taste differently because the grapes are grown under different weather conditions, different type of soil and on different proximity to the sea. Because of the many sunny days in the region, many vineyards also produce the excellent white wine called Malvazija.
Refosco and Shiraz are the best red wines that come from Slovenian Istria and are very popular Slovenian wine.
Refosco and Teran wines taste differently because the grapes are grown under different weather conditions, different type of soil and on different proximity to the sea.
Wines of Vipava Valley
Vipava Valley is a very rich district, where many top quality wine grape varieties are grown. It is located the furthest in the region and conditions for producing wines are perfect. Most popular varieties that come from here are Grganja, Klarnica, Pinela and Zelén. A well known white wine variety in the district of Goriška Brda is Rebula.
Other popular varieties that come from this region are Chardonnay, Beli and Sivi Pinot, Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Barbera, Tocai Friulano and Merlot. You can try each of those varieties in the many vineries in Primorska region, combining them with different types of food, or with fresh fish from the sea.